Gall


Gall
   (1) Heb. mererah, meaning "bitterness" (Job 16:13); i.e., the bile secreted in the liver. This word is also used of the poison of asps (20:14), and of the vitals, the seat of life (25).
   2) Heb. rosh. In Deut. 32:33 and Job 20:16 it denotes the poison of serpents. In Hos. 10:4 the Hebrew word is rendered "hemlock." The original probably denotes some bitter, poisonous plant, most probably the poppy, which grows up quickly, and is therefore coupled with wormwood (Deut. 29:18; Jer. 9:15; Lam. 3:19). Comp. Jer. 8:14; 23:15, "water of gall," Gesenius, "poppy juice;" others, "water of hemlock," "bitter water."
   3) Gr. chole (Matt. 27:34), the LXX. translation of the Hebrew rosh in Ps. 69; 21, which foretells our Lord's sufferings. The drink offered to our Lord was vinegar (made of light wine rendered acid, the common drink of Roman soldiers) "mingled with gall," or, according to Mark (15:23), "mingled with myrrh;" both expressions meaning the same thing, namely, that the vinegar was made bitter by the infusion of wormwood or some other bitter substance, usually given, according to a merciful custom, as an anodyne to those who were crucified, to render them insensible to pain. Our Lord, knowing this, refuses to drink it. He would take nothing to cloud his faculties or blunt the pain of dying. He chooses to suffer every element of woe in the bitter cup of agony given him by the Father (John 18:11).

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • Gall — ist ein Familienname: Gall (Indianerhäuptling) ( 1840–1894), Kriegshäuptling der nordamerikanischen Hunkpapa Lakotas Bernd Erich Gall (* 1956), deutscher Maler und Konzeptkünstler Berthold R. Gall (* 1947), deutscher Politiker (CDU) Dorothee Gall …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gall — (g[add]l), n.[OE. galle, gal, AS. gealla; akin to D. gal, OS. & OHG. galla, Icel. gall, SW. galla, Dan. galde, L. fel, Gr. ?, and prob. to E. yellow. [root]49. See {Yellow}, and cf. {Choler}] 1. (Physiol.) The bitter, alkaline, viscid fluid found …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gall — (g[add]l), n. [F. galle, noix de galle, fr. L. galla.] (Zo[ o]l.) An excrescence of any form produced on any part of a plant by insects or their larvae. They are most commonly caused by small Hymenoptera and Diptera which puncture the bark and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gall — gall·acetophenone; gall·anilide; gall; gall·ber·ry; mc·dou·gall; gall·anilid; gall·ing·ly; gall·ing·ness; …   English syllables

  • gall — ‘bile’ [12], and by metaphorical extension ‘bitterness’ and ‘effrontery’, was borrowed from Old Norse gall. It gets its name ultimately from its colour, for its prehistoric Germanic ancestor *gallam or *gallon (which also produced German galle… …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

  • gall — ‘bile’ [12], and by metaphorical extension ‘bitterness’ and ‘effrontery’, was borrowed from Old Norse gall. It gets its name ultimately from its colour, for its prehistoric Germanic ancestor *gallam or *gallon (which also produced German galle… …   Word origins

  • Gall — Gall, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Galled} (g[add]ld); p. pr. & vb. n. {Galling}.] [OE. gallen; cf. F. galer to scratch, rub, gale scurf, scab, G. galle a disease in horses feet, an excrescence under the tongue of horses; of uncertain origin. Cf. {Gall}… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gall — Ⅰ. gall [1] ► NOUN 1) bold and impudent behaviour. 2) bitterness or cruelty. 3) an animal s gall bladder. 4) archaic the contents of the gall bladder; bile. ORIGIN Old English. Ⅱ …   English terms dictionary

  • Gall — (Franz Josef) (1758 1828) médecin allemand. Fondateur de la phrénologie, il étudia les fonctions du cerveau et leurs localisations. Gall (saint) (v. 550 645) moine irlandais. Venu évangéliser le continent, il résida en Haute Saône (France), puis… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • gall — [n] nerve, brashness acrimony, animosity, arrogance, bitterness, brass, brazenness, cheek*, chutzpah*, conceit, confidence, crust cynicism, effrontery, guts*, haughtiness, hostility, impertinence, impudence, insolence, malevolence, malice,… …   New thesaurus

  • Gall — Gall, v. i. To scoff; to jeer. [R.] Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English